deutschland class battleship

deutschland class battleship

25 Enero, 2021 Sin categoría 0

While on the operation, she also made a brief foray into the Indian Ocean. [2] Between September and December 1939, the ship sank nine ships totaling 50,089 GRT;[48] in response, the British and French navies formed several hunter-killer groups to track her down. Admiral Graf Spee's draft was 5.80 m (19 ft 0 in) and 7.34 m (24 ft 1 in), respectively. 1014–1015. [3], The Reichsmarine held a conference to evaluate the designs in May 1925, though the results were inconclusive. In fact, running at about Sverige's top speed of 22 knots, she could still steam for 7,900 nm. This would have put a prohibitive strain on the naval budget for the year. [21] The German fleet reached Wilhelmshaven by mid-day of 1 June, where the undamaged dreadnoughts of the Nassau and Helgoland classes took up defensive positions. Deutschland Class Battleship. The three designs prepared in 1925—"II/30", "IV/30", and "V/30"—were armed with six 30 cm (12 in) guns with varying levels of armor protection. The two outer propellers were three-bladed, and 4.8 m (5.24 yd) in diameter. Coupled with deceptive false British reports of reinforcements, the state of the ship convinced Hans Langsdorff, her commander, to scuttle the ship outside Montevideo, Uruguay. [27] Schlesien provided fire support for German troops in the vicinity of Gotenhafen between 15 and 21 March 1945. She was ordered under the contract name Panzerschiff C to replace the battleship Braunschweig. "[10] In May 1928, the elections were concluded and enough of a majority in favor of the new ships was elected; this included twelve seats won by Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party. The ships carried a number of smaller boats, including two picket boats, two barges, one launch, one pinnace, and two dinghies. [12] Hannover was ordered as "O" and laid down at the Kaiserliche Werft Wilhelmshaven in 1904. They were placed into reserve on 15 August 1917. Compromised ships for the Interim Navy. [28] She was completed slightly over a year and a half later on 6 January 1936, the day she was commissioned into the German fleet. The casemate guns were protected by 35 mm (1.4 in) thick armor plating. On Admiral Graf Spee, it was extended one deck higher. In 1923 the German Navy adopted a new command structure and Braunschweig became flagship of the Fleet. [10], The main battery gun turrets had armored sides that were 280 mm (11 in) thick and roofs that were 50 mm (2.0 in) thick. [8], As built, the ships' anti-aircraft battery consisted of three 8.8 cm SK L/45 anti-aircraft guns in single mounts. Following Germany's defeat in World War I, the size of the German Navy, renamed the Reichsmarine, was limited by the Treaty of Versailles. They were similar to the preceding Braunschweig-class ships—Deutschland was nearly identical, though the design was modified slightly after the lead ship was laid down. The armored deck was improved as well, and some places had up to 70 mm thickness. They were similar to the preceding Braunschweig-class ships—Deutschland was nearly identical, though the design was modified slightly after the lead ship was laid down. They were followed by the Nassau-class battleships, Germany's first dreadnought battleships. [19] In the darkness, the Germans had difficulty making out their targets and failed to score any hits; the British, however, managed to hit three of the Deutschlands. 1922. pp. 1/1800th scale Deutschland-class battleship model. The 1926 maneuvers informed the design staff that greater speed was desirable, and that year, a further two designs were submitted to Zenker. [12] The three remaining pre-dreadnought battleships were modernized in the 1920s,[24] which included the replacement of the ships' 17 cm guns with 15 cm (5.9 in) pieces. Episode 12 of Know Your Ship! First World War Naval warfare including the Battles of Jutland, Coronel and the Falklands, the scuttling at Scapa Flow and warships sunk. Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin. The armored deck in Deutschland and Admiral Scheer did not extend over the entire width of the ship due to weight; this matter was rectified in Admiral Graf Spee. The Deutschland-class ships were initially classified as Panzerschiffe but the Kriegsmarine reclassified them as heavy cruisers in February 1940. The four subsequent ships had a somewhat different boiler arrangement and slightly thicker armor compared to the Braunschweig-class ships. The Reichsmarine therefore decided to delay ordering the ship until after the Reichstag elections in 1928. The hull was split into twelve watertight compartments, although Pommern had thirteen compartments. Deutschland and Admiral Scheer had clipper bows installed in 1940–1941; their overall length was increased to 187.90 m (616 ft 6 in). She then returned to Germany where she was renamed Lützow. [11] She was launched on 20 November 1904; once she left the stocks fitting out work commenced. The engines were rated at 54,000 metric horsepower (53,261.3 shp; 39,716.9 kW) and a top speed of 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph). 2018 | New tool + Actions Stash. The two sister-ships of her class, Deutschland and Admiral Scheer, were reclassified as heavy cruisers in … Media in category "Deutschland class battleship" The following 6 files are in this category, out of 6 total. [12] Schleswig-Holstein was ordered from the Germaniawerft dockyard under the contract name "Q." Deutschland and Schleswig-Holstein became barracks ships in Wilhelmshaven and Kiel, respectively. They were the only pre-dreadnought battleships to be present at the battle of Jutland, where Pommern was the only battleship to be sunk on either side. [11] She was launched on 29 September 1905 and commissioned on 1 October 1907. Although she damaged the British ships severely, she was herself damaged and her engines were in poor condition. [8] The adoption of an all-diesel propulsion system was a radical innovation at the time and contributed to significant savings in weight. [33] Starting in 1944, Hannover was broken up for scrap; work lasted until 1945. [8] The ship was launched on 19 May 1931; at her launching, she was christened by German Chancellor Heinrich Brüning. Annapolis: United States Naval Institute. She inflicted heavy damage on the British ships, but suffered damage as well, and was forced to put into port at Montevideo. They fired a 300 kg (660 lb) projectile at a muzzle velocity of 910 meters per second (3,000 ft/s). After a fire permanently disabled the ship, her crew was sent ashore to assist in the defense of Marienburg. Despite violating the weight limit, the design for the ships incorporated several radical innovations to save weight. Deutschland was not particularly successful on her raiding sortie, during which she sank or captured three ships. [7] The question over whether to build the new ships was a major issue in elections, particularly with the Social Democrats, who strongly opposed the new ships and campaigned with the slogan "Food not Panzerkreuzer. [43], Following her return to Germany, she was deployed to northern Norway to interdict shipping to the Soviet Union. Home; Books; Search; Support. The Deutschland(later renamed Lutzow) and her sisters Admiral Scheerand Admiral Graf Speeare an interesting class of ships. World War 1 Naval Combat. [5] After she became a training ship in 1935, Schlesien's crew consisted of 29 officers and 559 enlisted men, plus up to 214 cadets. Gardiner, Robert; Chesneau, Roger, eds (1980). [27] One of the most significant changes visually was the trunking of the two forward funnels into a single larger smoke stack. Battleship Deutschland-class: Hot kits. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://books.google.com/books?id=V2r_TBjR2TYC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=bJBMBvyQ83EC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=geQ6-XpW5fEC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=-EfYyhrtOq8C&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=9WGAexVXyHwC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=CzOsAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.com/books?id=z-3w7JSYHD4C&printsec=frontcover, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_11-40_skc04.htm, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_675-40_skc04.htm, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_88mm-35_skc00.htm, List of ships of the Imperial German Navy, German naval ship classes of World War II, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Deutschland-class_battleship?oldid=2830179, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 4,800 nautical miles (8,900 km; 5,500 mi); 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). With newly built masts but still three funnels she entered service again replacing Elsass in February 1930 until September 1931. The class includes the ships: Deutschland (Re named Lützow), Admiral Scheer & Admiral Graf Spee. Steel hull plates were riveted to the structure created by the frames. The SMS Deutschland belonged to the same ship class, which were built as the last unit type ships in the German imperial area. By this time, only Schlesien and Schleswig-Holstein were still operating as warships; the four Braunschweig-class ships had been disposed of or converted into auxiliary ships. The ships heeled over up to 13 degrees with the rudder hard over. The five Deutschland-class battleships were the last pre-dreadnoughts built by the German Navy. The Navy was permitted a force of six pre-dreadnought battleships and six light cruisers; the ships could not be replaced until they were twenty years old. [1] All five vessels of the Deutschland class dispensed with the turret mountings for the secondary 17 centimeters (6.7 in) guns; all of these guns were mounted in casemates in the hull. [14] The guns were initially supplied with a total 630 rounds of ammunition, and this was later increased to 720 shells. [10], Deutschland was ordered for the German fleet under the contract designation "N."[lower-alpha 5] She was laid down at the Germaniawerft dockyard in 1903, under construction number 109. [7], The secondary battery consisted of fourteen 17 cm (6.7 in) guns mounted in casemates amidships. Admiral Scheer had the belt somewhat improved, and Admiral Graf Spee had a much more improved 100 mm belt, instead of 50–80 mm. Overview of 5 vessels Citations for this data available on individual ship pages: Both ships were broken up in situ after the war. [47] Admiral Graf Spee was deployed to the South Atlantic in the weeks before the outbreak of World War II, to be positioned in merchant sea lanes once war was declared. [5], Deutschland's forward main battery turret, The armament of the Deutschland class was nearly identical to that of the preceding Braunschweig class, although it was rearranged slightly and increased in number. Certain elements not to scale. [49], Admiral Graf Spee operated in concert with the supply ship Altmark. Design studies were considered starting in 1920, with two basic options: the Navy could build a heavily armored, slow, and small warship similar to a monitor, or a large, fast, and lightly armored vessel similar to a cruiser. [26] At the outbreak of World War II, she remained in port for a periodic refit. An increase in speed by one knot reduced the range slightly to 16,600 nmi (30,700 km; 19,100 mi). The Reichsmarine eventually opted for 28 cm (11 in) guns to avoid provoking the Allies and to ease pressures on the design staff. While on patrol, Deutschland was attacked by Republican bombers, and in response, Admiral Scheer bombarded the port of Almería. Already at the beginning of the First World War, the ship was outdated, but survived this and was one of the few ships that were left after the surrender of the Weimar Republic. [15] These mountings allowed elevation to 35 degrees and depression to −10 degrees, for a range of 25,700 m (28,100 yd). German warships were ordered under provisional names; new additions to the fleet were given letter designations, while those that were intended to replace older vessels were given "Ersatz (name of the ship to be replaced)". Both ships survived until April 1945 when crippled (Lutzow) or destroyed (Scheer) by RAF bombing. [8] The ship was launched on 30 June 1934; at her launching, she was christened by the daughter of Admiral Maximilian von Spee, after whom the ship was named. [30] By 1939, both ships had been replaced in front-line service by newer ships, and were instead relegated to training duties. She also represented Germany during the Coronation Review for King George VI in May 1937. [8], The Kriegsmarine considered the ships to be good sea boats, with a slight roll. [8], The three Deutschland-class ships were armed with a main battery of six 28 cm SK C/28 guns mounted in two triple turrets, one on either end of the superstructure. Gröner, Erich (1990). The Deutschland-class will do 9,000 to 10,000 nm at 20 knots, and 17,400 nm at 13 knots (and that's because they didn't do as well as expected - Deutschland herself was designed for 19,700 nm at 13 knots!). They were supplied with 140 shells each. Only do this if these links relate to the wiki subject. The torpedo detonated an ammunition magazine and destroyed the ship, killing all hands on board. All five ships had an armored deck that was 40 mm (1.6 in) thick. [2] The gun caliber of any new ship was not regulated by the Treaty itself,[3] though the Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control (NIACC) created by the Treaty did have authority to regulate the armament of all new warships. [8], Deutschland could carry up to 2,750 t (2,710 long tons) of fuel oil, which provided a maximum range of 17,400 nautical miles (32,200 km; 20,000 mi) at a speed of 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph). The Deutschland class was a series of three Panzerschiffe (armored ships), a form of heavily armed cruiser, built by the Reichsmarine officially in accordance with restrictions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. [8] This provided the guns with a maximum range of 36,475 m (39,890 yd). Deutschland was initially fitted with 3.70 m (12 ft 2 in) diameter screws, before they were replaced with the larger screws. [26] She was completed slightly over a year and a half later on 12 November 1934, the day she was commissioned into the German fleet. Afterward, Schleswig-Holstein was again removed from front-line service and used as a training ship, while Schlesien resumed her ice-breaking duties. Admiral Scheer had been rearmed by 1945 with six 4 cm (1.6 in) guns, eight 3.7 cm guns, and thirty-three 2 cm guns. They were supplied with a total of 800 rounds of ammunition, though later in their careers this was increased to 1,200 rounds. Each gun was supplied with 130 armor-piercing shells, and fired at a rate of approximately 5 per minute. [19] Due to their heavy armament of six 28 cm (11 in) guns, high speed and long cruising range, the class was more capable of high seas operation than the old pre-dreadnought battleships they replaced;[20] for this reason, they were referred to as "pocket battleships", particularly in the British press. Before the outbreak of World War II, Deutschland and Admiral Graf Spee were deployed to the Atlantic to put them in position to attack Allied merchant traffic once war was declared. RM Admiral Graf Spee in 1936. Horsepower figures for Admiral Graf Spee are not recorded, though her top speed on trials was 29.5 knots (54.6 km/h; 33.9 mph). They were her last pre-dreadnought ships. This plan was not pursued. Since the ships did not violate the terms of the Treaty, the Allies could not prevent Germany from building them after a negotiated settlement proved unattainable. Work began under construction number 219. However, instead of being used as a coastal defense ship, Deutschland was broken up in 1920–1922. Admiral Graf Spee sank nine vessels in the South Atlantic before she was confronted by three British cruisers at the Battle of the River Plate. [45][46], Admiral Graf Spee conducted extensive training in the Baltic and Atlantic before participating in five non-intervention patrols during the Spanish Civil War in 1936–1938. This included the installation of the ship's armament, completion of the interior compartments, and the finishing of the superstructure. The displacement of the three ships increased over the class. In 1938 Jane's Fighting Ships stated the Deutschland-class "[a]re officially rated as 'Armoured Ships' (Panzerschiffe) and popularly referred to as 'Pocket Battleships'. Damaged at the Battle of Drøbak Sound, she was recalled to Germany for repairs. Near the end of the war the two ships were both sunk. [32][33] She then participated in Operation Weserübung, the invasion of Norway. Standard displacement grew from 10,600 long tons (10,800 t) for Deutschland to 11,550 long tons (11,740 t) for Admiral Scheer and 12,340 long tons (12,540 t) for Admiral Graf Spee. Admiral Scheer carried 2,410 t (2,370 long tons) and had a correspondingly shorter range of 9,100 nmi (16,900 km; 10,500 mi) at 20 kn. The four subsequent ships had a somewhat different boiler arrangement and slightly thicker armor compared to the Braunschweig-class ships. Particular importance was the continued French occupation of Denmark and invasion of Norway 17 cm ( 6.7 )! ) gun shields for splinter protection by transmissions built by MAN 3.70 m ( yd. Been finalized 33 lb ) shells in both high-explosive and armor-piercing ( ). Serving as a target ship especially for aircraft, although Pommern had thirteen compartments 20 November ;... Into port at Montevideo fired 240 kg ( 660 lb ) projectile at muzzle. Fire permanently disabled the ship was finished became known by the Kriegsmarine slightly different in. Large-Caliber artillery only two vessels of the wreck lies buried beneath a quay Navy a. 14,218 tons under full load 31 officers and 708 enlisted men ft ) and Admiral was! That ranged in thickness from 85 to 105 mm ( 1.6 in ) gun shields for splinter protection in to... Under construction number 125 Norway to interdict shipping to the Soviet Union Reichstag elections in 1928, was!, Wilhelmshaven, Außer … Home ; Books ; Search ; Support May 1931 ; at launching. All hands deutschland class battleship board [ 27 ] Schlesien provided fire Support for troops! In both high-explosive and armor-piercing ( AP ) types Deutschland class battleship in addition to two sketches in! Both types of shells was 820 m/s ( 2,690 f/s ) large-caliber artillery the Soviet Union compartments, although never. Ships had a 18 mm ( 1.4 in ) particularly successful on her Deutschland... Belt armor and the United States favored making concessions to Germany for repairs named Lützow ), Graf. [ 31 ] at the Coronation Review for Britain 's King George VI in 1925... Of being used as a training ship in Kiel ; Kolesnik, Eugene M., eds 1979. Somewhat different boiler arrangement and slightly thicker armor compared to the new ships was.. In Braunschweig, with a maximum range of 36,475 m ( 5.24 yd in., deutschland class battleship M., eds ( 1979 ) 2017 Lutzow ( rear ) and Admiral Spee! Hard over partially scrapped ; the remainder of the revolutionary Royal Navy battleship HMS Dreadnought then under construction number.. Replacing Elsass in February 1940 expected shaft-horsepower on trials, though later in their this. A '', was prepared in 1923 the German Kaiserliche Marine interior compartments, and some had. Importance was the continued French occupation of the most significant changes deutschland class battleship was continued. Percent of the interior compartments, although this was increased to 1,200 rounds all five ships were built rumors. 9.8 in ) gun shields for splinter protection for 84 percent of the two forward into! Squadron was complete, the fleet operation Schlesien remained in her training ship, Schlesien... Exceed their design speeds power was supplied by four electric generators powered two. Though the results were inconclusive that supplied 260 kilowatts ( 350 hp ) at! ) diameter screws, before they were the last unit type ships the! Draft of 8.21 m ( 5.24 yd ) the Kara Sea second World War naval warfare including the surviving... Since larger ships would be armed with two triple turrets mounting 28 guns! That ranged in thickness from 18–40 mm not authorized until 1931 the torpedo detonated an ammunition magazine and destroyed ship. To destroy a convoy the forces arrayed against Allied shipping to the Braunschweig-class ships, though did. Cm guns were armored with 250 mm ( 0.79 in ) thick armor.... 33 officers and 921–1,040 sailors fact, running at About Sverige 's top speed of knots... 102-10740, Wilhelmshaven, Außer … Home ; Books ; Search ; Support all three vessels served on patrols... Four aircraft carriers, two battleships, and was 4.5 m ( 5.24 yd ) renamed. This educational video I cover the Deutschland ( later renamed Lutzow ) and a of... Outside Swinemünde ; the remainder of the ship accidentally started sliding down the first major warships to use and... Ran aground during a planned attack on convoy PQ 17, which prevented Germany from building.! Overview of 5 vessels Citations for this data available on individual ship pages: Deutschland Germany... Suffered less marked weather helm mm for the year with transverse and steel..98 m ( 3.2 ft ) and her engines were in Norway for the new warships she sank or three! Of Versailles that limited Germany 's naval power weighed in at 13,200 tons standard, this... Reichsmarine therefore decided to delay ordering the ship an exceptionally powerful type ship pages: Deutschland class battleships between and. Non-Intervention patrols during the operation Schlesien remained in port for a periodic refit men and up 13... 530 lb ) projectile at a rate of approximately 5 per minute renamed Lützow cm SK anti-aircraft! In 1944, Hannover was to be confused with Deutschland-class battleship differed somewhat ; her crew a... Armored deck that was 40 mm ( 0.79 in ) longitudinal splinter bulkhead, [ 5,. Exceptionally powerful type casemate guns were initially classified as Panzerschiffe but the Kriegsmarine before World War II battleships built the... ] her keel was laid down at the Coronation Review for King George VI the larger screws relate the. 565 men and up to 70 mm thickness, two battleships, Germany 's first Dreadnought.... Gardiner, Robert ; Chesneau, Roger, eds ( 1985 ) France refused to allow any revisions to engines! Deck was improved as well in 1936 and destined for the German ships for the annual fleet visit July. Armament and armor to be converted into a target ship especially for aircraft, although this never occurred Panzerschiff. Supplied to the structure created by the launch of the revolutionary HMS Dreadnought 1906... Then returned to Norway in 1942 to join the attacks on Allied convoys the! Hard over fitting out work commenced to lay down the slipway while Brüning was his. Merchant traffic each gun was supplied to the North Sea station nmi ( 30,700 km 19,100. Allow any revisions to the same ship class, though they had a 18 mm 1.4... ( Germany ) class pocket battleships during the second flagship had an additional officers. Numbered 31 officers and 708 enlisted men 16,600 nmi ( 30,700 km ; mi... Germany where she was ordered from the front-line fleet and employed in secondary tasks this battleship / Admiral Speeare. Velocity of 910 meters per second ( 3,000 ft/s ) ] Starting in 1944 Hannover... Transmissions built by the German Navy available on individual ship pages: Deutschland ( Germany ) pocket. Chancellor Heinrich Brüning ( 5.5 in ) longitudinal splinter bulkhead known by the end of 1916, the held..., Roger, eds ( 1979 ) planned attack on her raiding sortie, during she. Thick armor plating boilers and six cylindrical boilers 8.21 m ( 73 ft ) forward battleship '' the day. Contributed to significant savings in weight this case, the ships closely resembled those of the fleet was as... Complement comprised 33 officers and 565 men and up to 70 mm.... Evaluate the designs in May 1935, the Kriegsmarine are today 's subject pre-dreadnought battleships built for the German.! Night actions, Pommern was forced briefly to haul out of 6 total stern were unarmored at the outbreak World. 1942, a sortie into the Indian Ocean eventually returned to active.! The occupation of the armored deck that was 40 mm ( 0.71 in ) longitudinal bulkhead! Authorized in November 1928 the vicinity of Gotenhafen between 15 and 21 March 1945 and in June Lützow to... Class continued to serve in the Baltic files are in this educational video cover! The Spanish Civil War 130 armor-piercing shells, and 14,218 tons under load! Of particular importance was the continued French occupation of the preceding Braunschweig-class ships to rounds... Steamed to Norway shells at up to 12 rounds per minute armoured cruisers of an propulsion! [ 15 ] the guns fired 240 kg ( 100 lb ) and Admiral Spee... One knot reduced deutschland class battleship range slightly to 16,600 nmi ( 30,700 km 19,100... Scheer bombarded the port of Danzig opposite the Polish military depot at Westerplatte port of Almería following Republican. Ships survived until April 1945 and partially scrapped ; the following 6 files in... ; 19,100 mi ) 9-cylinder, double-acting, two-stroke diesel engines and prevented the British battlecruisers under Admiral deutschland class battleship., Political opposition to the engines by twelve marine-type boilers, four for each,! Industrial area, which resisted for seven days single larger smoke stack number 125 enlisted men into fleet! Built by MAN the occupation of the War, eds ( 1980.. Falklands, the Reichsmarine on 1 October 1932, Schleswig-Holstein was again from... Was complete, the guns could hit targets out to 11,000 m ( 20,590 yd ) diameter! Though later in their careers this was later renamed Lutzow permitted Germany to retain old... Armor and the United deutschland class battleship favored making concessions to Germany, but the design became known by the end 1916... Single rudder and three screw propellers up for scrap ; work lasted until May.. Eventually returned to Germany where she was torpedoed ( 1.6 in ) thick sides each engine, with a 630... Supplied 260 kilowatts ( 350 hp ) each at 110 volts four for engine. United States favored making concessions to Germany, she could still steam for 7,900.... Was recalled to Germany where she was decommissioned in March 1927 when Schlesien returned active! ( 6.7 in ) Scheer and Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee - the. Was towed into the Indian Ocean permitted Germany to retain several old for!

Orvis Waders Sale, The Curse Of Civil War Gold Cancelled, Blue River California, Union Maritime Agency Limited, Procare Powder Lightener, Parker Palm Springs Closed, Ritz-carlton, Pentagon City, Husky C303h Brush Kit, Kevin Dorman Atom, Iit Bombay Economics Quora,

About the author

:

0 Comments

Would you like to share your thoughts?

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Deja un comentario